Yarn production

The "Yarn production" product group includes the preparation and the production of:

  • filaments (from polyester PES and polyamide PA),
  • fibres and yarns of polyamide PA,
  • polyester PES,
  • polypropylene PP...,
  • yarns (pure and blended) of cotton, wool, linen...

Besides independent spinning mills, there are also a number of integrated spinning mills (which are part of a textile company group and in that context produce yarn for its own weaving mills).

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Yarns are an indispensable stage in the textile value chain. They are crucial in the circular economy.
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Specialised niche

Within the Belgian textile industry, spinning is a small but specialised niche with a share of around 2% within the total textile industry. Yarns are produced either by independent spinning mills, or integrated spinning mills (which are part of a textile company group and which produce yarn for its own weaving mills). Cotton-type spinning mills are the largest group in the total yarn production in Belgium (excluding extrusion).

Circular economy in practice

Yarns are an essential intermediate step in the textile value chain: without yarns, there is no clothing, upholstery fabrics, or carpets. The main fibres used are cotton and polyester, although a wide range of synthetic yarns are also produced for technical textiles, among others.

In the development of the circular economy, yarn production is also an indispensable step in the textile value chain, partly due to the growing attention of both professional buyers and governments as well as consumers for ecological and sustainable products. As such, new products, such as towels, mattress ducks, sweaters, and tent cloths can be made based on post-consumer textile waste, such as old jeans (cotton).

Nevertheless, it remains a major challenge to recycle old textile materials into new fibres that can be re-spun and result in at least as high-quality textile products, so that there is a truly circular economy in textiles. The companies conducting research and development into, e.g. recycling of textile waste, both industrial and post-consumer textile waste, do not generally work alone, but together with reputable research centres such as the textile technology centre Centexbel. Solutions are also explored in this regard, as are possible new end products. In this way, recycled yarns, for example, can be used for completely new applications.

As such, there is also substantial investment in eco-design. And in new markets and new business models (e.g., textiles-as-a-service). This opens up new prospects for yarn producers.

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Key figures
Key figures 4
Number of employees 185
Turnover (in million EUR) n.b.
Exported quota 60 %
Activity evolution in 2014 (in volume) +25 %
Share in the total added value of the Belgian textile sector 2 %

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Kris Van Peteghem

Kris Van Peteghem

Clothing Textiles and Spinning Advisor